If you are noticing increasing nasty skin abscesses and ulcerations on some of your patients who use IV drugs or hear them complain of grogginess caused by whatever was in the heroin/fentanyl they used, it is likely because of xylazine.
I wrote about this additive a year ago (Xylazine-Mind F), and the situation seems to only be getting worse. In 2019, xylazine was found in 70 overdose deaths in Connecticut. In 2020, it was 140. 2021 – 301. And through the first five months of 2022 with not all cases processed, the number is already 153.
Xylazine is an animal tranquilizer that was originally designed as an analgesic for people, but was abandoned due to tests that showed it caused severe hypotension and depressed mental status.
It is not an opioid and is not currently regulated. Drug dealers buy it and add it to their heroin/fentanyl mixture. Because fentanyl doesn’t last but 3-4 hours, adding xylazine adds “legs” to the drug, meaning the patient’s high lasts longer. Unfortunately, many don’t like the high provided by xylazine. They feel drugged, zombieish. The concoction was first noticed in Puerto Rico, and later found a strong foothold in Philadelphia where it is sold as “Tranq-dope.” Here in Connecticut, it seems to just be used as an additive to fentanyl and is not typically requested or advertised, at least not by the users I have talked to. It is just an unfortunate additive that comes when you buy your dope. The other unfortunate issue is it causes severe necrosis when injected. This is attributed to how it reduces oxygen uptake in the skin, and because it is an analgesic, users often inject right back into the painful ulceration to provide temporary relief, which only makes the ulceration worse.
So these are just drug users being affected? Who cares? That’s what some say. To me, it is so sad what is going on. People whose lives were sent on tragic and unexpected trajectories because of an injury or illness or through simple experimentation, lose nearly everything and end up on the street where they are are victimized again, forced to buy impure drugs, whose dose they can’t calculate and that containin crap like xylazine that only adds to their misery and may contribute to their deaths.
We need to talk about safe supply,